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[37] Already controversial upon its release, Taxi Driver hit the headlines again five years later, when John Hinckley Jr. made an assassination attempt on then-president Ronald Reagan. In 2012, Scorsese participated in the Sight & Sound film polls of that year. [11][12][13] Scorsese was raised in a predominantly Catholic environment. Following the film's release, Cassavetes encouraged Scorsese to make the films that he wanted to make, rather than someone else's projects. It came back into the public eye, especially in countries such as the UK and France, but still is largely neglected in North America. At a ceremony in Paris, France, on January 5, 2005, Martin Scorsese was awarded the French Legion of Honour in recognition of his contribution to cinema. [15] In his documentary titled A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies, Scorsese said that he was enamored of historical epics in his adolescence, and at least two films of the genre, Land of the Pharaohs and El Cid, appear to have had a deep and lasting impact on his cinematic psyche. It covered the silent era to 1969, a year after which Scorsese began his feature career. A period of wild partying followed, damaging the director's already fragile health. Martin Charles Scorsese (/skrssi/;[2] Italian:[skorseze, -se]; born November 17, 1942) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and actor. In 1986, Scorsese directed the 18 minute short film Bad featuring Michael Jackson and Wesley Snipes (in his film debut). Visually, it was far less kinetic than the style Scorsese had developed previously, often using a static camera and long takes. This effect can be seen in Casino (it is used on Sharon Stone and Joe Pesci), Life Lessons, The Departed (on Matt Damon), and Hugo. His most famous short of the period is the darkly comic The Big Shave (1967), which features Peter Bernuth. He then said that this quote had come from Scorsese, which prompted the audience to give Scorsese a standing ovation. In addition to directing the pilot (for which he won the 2011 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing), Scorsese also served as an executive producer on the series. [106] His next film Hugo is a 3D adventure drama film based on Brian Selznick's novel The Invention of Hugo Cabret. 94 on the AFI's 100 Years 100 Movies list. The film also marked the first time Scorsese used wide-screen Panavision with an aspect ratio of 2.39:1. Although well regarded, the film remains an anomaly in the director's early career as it focuses on a central female character. His directorial debut, Who's That Knocking at My Door (1967), was accepted into the Chicago Film Festival. [89][90] With domestic box office receipts surpassing US$129.4million, The Departed was Scorsese's highest-grossing film (not accounting for inflation) until 2010's Shutter Island. The film won a Peabody Award and the Grammy Award for Best Long Form Music Video. An advocate for film preservation and restoration, he founded three nonprofit organizations: the Film Foundation in 1990, the World Cinema Foundation in 2007, and the African Film Heritage Project in 2017. "[184] In 2016, Scorsese identified himself as a Catholic again, saying, "my way has been, and is, Catholicism.

The short brought together Scorsese's long-time muses Leonardo DiCaprio and Robert De Niro for the first time under his direction. Scorsese's films have been nominated for numerous awards both nationally and internationally, with an Academy Award win for The Departed. Roger Ebert's gave the film a mixed review, while praising Scorsese's short as "really successful".[59]. [43] The film is widely viewed as a masterpiece and was voted the greatest film of the 1980s by Britain's Sight & Sound magazine. [191][192] Scorsese has also chosen to name filmmakers throughout the years that he admires such as fellow New York City-based directors Woody Allen and Spike Lee, as well as other artists such as Wes Anderson, Bong Joon-ho, Greta Gerwig, Ari Aster, Kelly Reichardt, Claire Denis, Noah Baumbach, Paul Thomas Anderson, Christopher Nolan, the Coen Brothers, and Kathryn Bigelow. It is ranked No.

[44][45] It received eight Oscar nominations, including Best Picture, Best Actor for Robert De Niro and Scorsese's first for Best Director. Cape Fear received a mixed critical reception and was lambasted in many quarters for its scenes depicting misogynistic violence. Along with the 1987 Michael Jackson music video "Bad", in 1986 Scorsese made The Color of Money, a sequel to the much admired Robert Rossen film The Hustler (1961) with Paul Newman, which co-starred Tom Cruise. Scorsese's films, much influenced by his Italian-American background and upbringing in New York City, center on macho-posturing insecure men and explore crime, machismo, nihilism, and Catholic concepts of guilt and redemption. The film does not cover Dylan's entire career; it focuses on his beginnings, his rise to fame in the 1960s, his then-controversial transformation from an acoustic guitar-based musician and performer to an electric guitar-influenced sound and his "retirement" from touring in 1966 following an infamous motorcycle accident. [164], Scorsese often casts the same actors in his projects, particularly Robert De Niro, who has collaborated with Scorsese on nine feature films and one short film. The Last Temptation of Christ, based on the 1955 novel written by Nikos Kazantzakis, retold the life of Christ in human rather than divine terms. [158] When asked why he retained interest in a project dealing with strong theological themes for over 26 years, Scorsese said, As you get older, ideas go and come. [138] The film had its world premiere at the 57th New York Film Festival on September 27, 2019. DiCaprio was given the award for Best Actor-Motion Picture Musical or Comedy at the 2014 Golden Globe Awards. [199] In 2006, Paul Thomas Anderson, Wes Anderson, Curtis Hanson, Peter Jackson, Ang Lee and Alexander Payne joined them. The short film's cinematographer was frequent Scorsese collaborator Michael Chapman.

In January 2005 The Aviator became the most-nominated film of the 77th Academy Awards nominations, nominated in 11 categories including Best Picture. As noted in Scorsese on Scorsese by editorinterviewer Ian Christie, the news that Scorsese wanted to make a film about a failed 19th-century romance raised many eyebrows among the film fraternity; all the more when Scorsese made it clear that it was a personal project and not a studio for-hire job. Certain pieces of Scorsese's film-related material and personal papers are contained in the Wesleyan University Cinema Archives, to which scholars and media experts from around the world may have full access. The film marked the fifth collaboration between Scorsese and DiCaprio and the second between Scorsese and Winter after Boardwalk Empire. It was held at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco on American Thanksgiving Day, November 25, 1976, and featured one of the most extensive lineups of prominent guest performers at a single concert, including Bob Dylan, Neil Young, Ringo Starr, Muddy Waters, Joni Mitchell, Van Morrison, Paul Butterfield, Neil Diamond, Ronnie Wood, and Eric Clapton. In November 2020, the Criterion Channel released a 30-minute video titled, 30 Years of The Film Foundation: Martin Scorsese and Ari Aster in Conversation, celebrating the "mission, evolution, and ongoing work of The Film Foundation". scorsese allmovie [156] Scorsese sometimes highlights characters in a scene with an iris, an homage to 1920s silent film cinema (as scenes at the time sometimes used this transition). Traditional dramatic devices were substituted for a trance-like meditation achieved through an elaborate tableau of colorful visual images. Between 19791994, the category was a juried award.

[139] It received a limited theatrical release on November 1, 2019, followed by digital streaming on November 27, 2019, on Netflix. [111] In a 2016 critics' poll conducted by the BBC, the film was ranked among the 100 greatest motion pictures since 2000. Despite its weak reception, the film is regarded positively by some critics. Comparisons were drawn to his earlier film Goodfellas, and Scorsese admitted Casino bore a superficial resemblance to it, but he maintained that the story was significantly larger in scope. The series features Fran Lebowitz and Scorsese as they delve into her personal beliefs and thoughts on New York City. Drug abuse, and abuse of his body in general, culminated in a terrifying episode of internal bleeding. "[17] He has also cited filmmakers including Satyajit Ray, Ingmar Bergman, Michelangelo Antonioni, and Federico Fellini as major influences on his career. "Marty did an amazing job of making us look great" observed drummer Charlie Watts. [149] Principal photography commenced in April 2021. This tribute to Scorsese's home town and the classic Hollywood musical was a box-office failure. Scorsese usually has a quick cameo in his films (Who's That Knocking at My Door, Boxcar Bertha, Mean Streets, Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, Taxi Driver, The King of Comedy, After Hours, The Last Temptation of Christ (albeit hidden under a hood), The Age of Innocence, Gangs of New York, Hugo), he is also known to contribute his voice to a film without appearing on screen (e.g. 47, and Goodfellas at No. ", "Martin Scorsese's The Last Temptation of Christ", "Michael Jackson Making Of Bad (BAD 25) Documentary", "Michael Jackson's 'Bad': Quincy Jones, Wesley Snipes & Other Collaborators Tell the Stories of the Album's Five No. [65] Sharon Stone was nominated for the Best Actress Academy Award for her performance. in English in 1964. [132][133] Scorsese was recognized as an Italian citizen by jus sanguinis in 2018. The film earned five Academy Award nominations (including Best Adapted Screenplay for Scorsese), winning the Costume Design Oscar. [22] He had initially desired to become a priest, attending a preparatory seminary but failed after the first year. The film is best remembered today for the title theme song, which was popularized by Frank Sinatra. [29], In 1967, Scorsese made his first feature-length film, the black and white I Call First, which was later retitled Who's That Knocking at My Door, with his fellow students actor Harvey Keitel and editor Thelma Schoonmaker, both of whom were to become long-term collaborators. [105], Scorsese directed the three-and-a-half-hour documentary George Harrison: Living in the Material World about the life and music of former Beatles' member George Harrison, which premiered in the United States on HBO over two parts on October 5 and 6, 2011. [181][182], Since his first divorce in 1972, Scorsese has had four subsequent wives[183] and had previously identified himself as a lapsed Roman Catholic as a result of the Church's doctrinal position against divorce. [165] Several critics have compared Scorsese's new partnership with DiCaprio with his previous one with De Niro. As of 2019[update], Scorsese has directed 25 full-length films and 16 full-length documentary films. On December 2, 2014, Vinyl was picked up by HBO. Held every ten years to select the greatest films of all time, contemporary directors were asked to select ten films of their choice. The Criterion Collection so far has released three Vol. (1964). He provides the opening voice-over narration in Mean Streets and The Color of Money; plays the off-screen dressing room attendant in the final scene of Raging Bull, and provides the voice of the unseen ambulance dispatcher in Bringing Out the Dead. Questions, answers, loss of the answer again and more questions, and this is what really interests me. [147][148] On May 27, 2020, Apple bought the production and distribution rights to the film, which will be released theatrically by Paramount and streaming on Apple TV+. [63] In the early 1990s, Scorsese also expanded his role as a film producer. It was highly lauded by critics upon its original release but was a box office bomb, making an overall loss. On February 12, 2012, at the 65th British Academy Film Awards, Scorsese was the recipient of the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award. In 2007, Scorsese established the World Cinema Project with the mission to preserve and present marginalized and infrequently screened films from regions generally ill-equipped to preserve their own cinema history. In addition to film, Scorsese has directed episodes for some television series including Boardwalk Empire (20112015), and Vinyl (2016), and the documentaries Public Speaking (2010), and Pretend It's a City (2021). For his crew, Scorsese frequently worked with editors Marcia Lucas[169] and Thelma Schoonmaker,[170] cinematographers Michael Ballhaus,[171] Robert Richardson, Michael Chapman and Rodrigo Prieto, screenwriters Paul Schrader, Mardik Martin, Jay Cocks, Terrence Winter, John Logan and Steven Zaillian, costume designer Sandy Powell, production designers Dante Ferretti and Bob Shaw, music producer Robbie Robertson, and composers Howard Shore[172] and Elmer Bernstein. [49] Here the expressionism of his previous work gave way to moments of almost total surrealism. Hugo was Scorsese's first 3D film and was released in the United States on November 23, 2011. The American Film Institute placed Goodfellas at No. Bringing Out the Dead (1999) was a return to familiar territory, with the director and writer Paul Schrader constructing a pitch-black comic take on their own earlier Taxi Driver. Scorsese will be teaming up with Leonardo DiCaprio for the sixth time and Robert De Niro for the tenth time. [113][114] It was also screened in Oslo,[115] and Jerusalem[116] before being shown on the BBC's Arena series in July[117] and at Telluride in August. [134], On January 10, 2019, Variety's Chris Willman reported that Scorsese's long-anticipated documentary of Bob Dylan's 1975 tour, the Rolling Thunder Revue, would be released by Netflix: "Rolling Thunder Revue: A Bob Dylan Story by Martin Scorsese captures the troubled spirit of America in 1975 and the joyous music that Dylan performed during the fall of that year. "It's all in the edits and the cuts. [112], Scorsese and David Tedeschi made a documentary about the history of the New York Review of Books, titled The 50 Year Argument. In 1999, after the death of Gene Siskel, Scorsese joined Roger Ebert as the guest co-host for an episode of Siskel & Ebert where they each stated their 10 favorite films of the decade.

From this work onwards, Scorsese's films are always labeled as "A Martin Scorsese Picture" on promotional material. Not only a departure in subject matter, Kundun saw Scorsese employing a fresh narrative and visual approach. The series stars Bobby Cannavale as Richie Finestra, founder and president of a top-tier record label, set in 1970s New York City's drug-and sex-fueled music business as punk and disco were breaking out, all told through the eyes of Finestra trying to resurrect his label and find the next new sound. After a decade of films considered by critics to be mixed results, some considered Scorsese's gangster epic Goodfellas (1990) his return to directorial form, and his most confident and fully realized film since Raging Bull. [121] It aired on HBO on September 29, 2014. [34] In 1974, actress Ellen Burstyn chose Scorsese to direct her in Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, for which she won an Academy Award for Best Actress. Seven film-makers including Wim Wenders, Clint Eastwood, Mike Figgis, and Scorsese himself each contributed a 90-minute film (Scorsese's entry was titled Feel Like Going Home). [58], Looking past the controversy, The Last Temptation of Christ gained critical acclaim and remains an important work in Scorsese's canon: an explicit attempt to wrestle with the spirituality underpinning his films up until that point. Others who have appeared in multiple Scorsese projects include Daniel Day-Lewis, who had become very reclusive to the Hollywood scene, Alec Baldwin, Willem Dafoe, Ben Kingsley, Jude Law, Dick Miller, Liam Neeson, Emily Mortimer, John C. Reilly, David Carradine, Barbara Hershey, Kevin Corrigan, Jake Hoffman, Frank Sivero, Ray Winstone and Nick Nolte. In Scorsese on Scorsese, he documents influences from films such as Luchino Visconti's Senso and his Il Gattopardo (The Leopard) as well as Orson Welles's The Magnificent Ambersons and also Roberto Rossellini's La prise de pouvoir par LouisXIV (The Taking of Power by LouisXIV).